Broccoli has long been considered a super food for human health. It is a very rich source of iron, protein, calcium, chromium, carbohydrate, vitamin A, and vitamin C. Besides, it also has anti-cancer effects, diabetes control …
Instead of having to buy in the market or supermarkets with a high price, why don’t you grow this wonderful and rich nutritional vegetable? Here are some useful tips when growing broccoli that you should know. Let’s take a look!
Growing Broccoli In Pots
1. When to grow broccoli?
Broccoli is cold-tolerant, adapt, and grow well in humid conditions of 59-65°F. If planted at times of heavy rain or dry weather; the plant will be stunted, susceptible to disease and poor yield. Growing broccoli at seasons from July to December is the most appropriate, which is a time when broccoli grows and produces high yields.
2. What preparation for growing broccoli?
The most important thing when planting any plant is the soil. You need to choose the soil to be spongy and humid. Mix the soil with powdered lime, organic fertilizer, coconut fibre or rice husk and leave for about a week to kill the fungus. If available, pesticides, insects can be prepared.
Besides, you need to prepare some gardening tools such as a hand fork, a trowel, pesticide (optional), …
3. Sow seeds and plant broccoli
Before sowing green broccoli seeds, you should soak the seeds in warm water at about 122oF for 25-30 minutes to kill the fungus in the seed coat and help the seed to grow faster. Irrigate the soil, smooth the surface of the soil and then sow the seeds into small holes for about two seeds per hole and fill with a thin soil layer. Then, a few insecticides can be sprinkled, always moistening the soil every day, placing the plants in the dry, with light sunshine.
In about 20 days, plucked the plants into pots. Irrigation of diluted fertilizers and sprayed pesticide, create a hole and then put the seedlings in the ground, tighten the root to avoid making the plants prone to fall.
Take note that each plant is spaced about 16-20 inches apart and broccoli should be planted in the afternoon so that the plant will not wither and quickly root. Once the whole broccoli has been planted, water and keep the plants moist immediately, absolutely do not use fresh manure, fresh manure water, and urine to fertilize vegetables.
4. How to take care for broccoli?
To take care of your broccoli, you need to do some basic pest control practices. Regularly irrigating to keep the soil moist for growing plants, weed removal, water spraying in the afternoons will have the effect of washing away the eggs, insects, larvae on the leaves of your broccoli.
After planting for about ten days, it is necessary to check for stunted or wilted plants to ensure the planting density. Apply additional fertilizer with urea and potassium sulphate fertilizer mixed with water to the roots and turn over the soil.
When the broccoli is full of leaves, the leaves are ready to flower; you must water the root, avoid spraying on leaves and flowers, since it may damage the whole plant.
After the plant starts to flower, it is necessary to fold the leaves to cover the flowers. When the flowers are larger, cut off the big leaves to cover the broccoli. The leaf cover will help prevent the pests, avoid the harsh weather, and ensure the quality of broccoli.
5. Apply additional fertilizer periods for the broccoli
- – Period 1: After planting for about 15 days, use night soil mixed with 1/10 nitrate fertilizer for 20kg of urea for irrigation.
- – Period 2: After 10 – 12 days, do period 1 again.
- – Period 3: When the broccoli is ready to flower, it is necessary to apply nitrate fertilizer with water to the roots to help the plants grow big and healthy. Be careful not to irrigate on the leaves and flowers.
6. Harvest of broccoli
After having flowers for about 15-20 days, the broccoli can be harvested, meaning that it takes around 70-80 days to grow and harvest broccoli. You should harvest at the right time to ensure the quality and productivity of broccoli.
When harvesting, use a sharp knife to cut the head, if you retain many leaves on the broccoli stump, it can still develop after being harvested.
With the tips of growing broccoli above, I believe that everyone can easily plant a little broccoli in their garden that is green, clean and safe for their family’s delicious meals.
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